Furthermore, the things set forth when you look at the sworn affidavits of Credit One business officers Gary Harwood (Vice President of Portfolio solutions) and Vicki Scott (Vice President of Collections), plus the documents connected thereto, provide compelling circumstantial proof of Credit a person's conformity along with its customary policy to enclose a duplicate for the Cardholder contract within the exact same envelope utilized to mail the customer the charge card for activation. See, e.g., Kurz v. Chase Manhattan Bank United States Of America, N.A., 319 F. Supp. 2d 457, 463 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) (actual receipt do not need to be proven; as "[p]roof of mailing can be attained by presenting circumstantial proof, including proof customary mailing techniques found in the transmitter's company.") (quoting Marsh v. First United States Of America Bank, N.A., 103 F. Supp. 2d 909, 917-18 (N.D.Tex. 2000) (crediting testimony of bank's vice president for operations about organization's mass mailing procedure and quality assurance settings). This proof can be enough to determine that the written solicitation for the pre-approved bank card which Credit One delivered to plaintiff included demonstrably printed observe that acceptance regarding the offer could be susceptible to the stipulations within the Cardholder Agreement-including the arbitration clause. See Item 17-1, 7-8 & pp. 5-6.
According to this record, the court discovers that upon starting the Credit One account, utilizing the Credit One card for purchases, and making payments to Credit One, plaintiff consented to the regards to the Cardholder Agreement requiring that most disputes regarding the account be presented to arbitration governed by, and under that is enforceable the FAA. Appropriately, the initial component of the four-part arbitrability inquiry is pleased.
2. Scope associated with the Arbitration Clause
Since set forth above, the arbitration clause of Credit One's Cardholder Agreement is incredibly broad, encompassing any dispute concerning the managing regarding the account, including any "communications relating to [the] account; any transactions or tried transactions involving [the] account, whether authorized or otherwise not; payment, billing errors, credit rating, the publishing of transactions, payment or credits, or collections issues associated with [the] account . " Item 9-4, p. 5. The clause pertains to all "Claims predicated on any theory of legislation, any agreement, statute, regulation, ordinance, tort (including fraudulence or any deliberate tort), common legislation, constitutional provision, respondeat superior, agency or any other doctrine concerning obligation for any other people, customized or length of working or other legal or equitable ground (including any claim for injunctive or declaratory relief)." Id. at 5-6. The Agreement additionally expressly provides that "[a]ny questions regarding exactly exactly what Claims are at the mercy of arbitration will probably be settled by interpreting this arbitration supply when you look at the broadest means what the law states will help it become enforced." Id. at 5.
Thinking about the breadth of the language, plus in light for the federal policy needing courts "to construe arbitration clauses since broadly as you can In re have always been. Exp. Fin. Advisors Sec. Litig., 672 F.3d at 128, the court cannot conclude with good assurance that the arbitration supply for the Cardholder Agreement just isn't prone of a interpretation that covers the claims asserted in the amended issue regarding Credit a person's obligation beneath the TCPA for its communications with plaintiff associated with her charge card account. Correctly, the court discovers that the element that is second of arbitrability inquiry is happy supply associated with the Cardholder Agreement.
3. Arbitrability of TCPA Claims
Because plaintiff asserts a federal statutory claim, the court must consider "whether Congress evinced an intention to preclude a waiver of judicial treatments when it comes to statutory liberties at issue." Green Tree Fin. Corp.Ala. v. Randolph, 531 U.S. 79, 90 (2000). Only at that action for the inquiry, "the celebration wanting to avoid arbitration bears the responsibility of developing that Congress designed to preclude arbitration regarding the claims that are statutory problem." Id. at 91-92; see also Shearson/Am. Express, Inc. v. McMahon, 482 U.S. 220, 227 (1987); Spinelli v. Nat'l Football League, 2015 WL 1433370, at 11 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 27, 2015).
Plaintiff has made no showing in this respect. Furthermore, as noted by defendant and also as verified by this court's research, the few courts which have considered the matter have discovered absolutely absolutely absolutely nothing into the text or history that is legislative of TCPA to declare that Congress intended TCPA claims become non-arbitrable. See, e.g., Tuttle v. Sallie Mae, Inc., 2014 WL 545379, at 7 (N.D. Ind. Feb. 11, 2014); Cyganiewicz v. Sallie Mae, Inc., 2013 WL 5797615, at 5-6 (D.Mass. Oct. 24, 2013).
Correctly, the court finds that plaintiff have not met her burden of developing a congressional intent to preclude waiver of judicial treatments for TCPA claims.
4. Remain Pending Arbitration
Having determined that plaintiff's TCPA claim is at the scope of and susceptible to the broad arbitration clause of this Cardholder Agreement, and because Credit you've got required a stay, part 3 of this FAA mandates that the court "stay the test for the action until such arbitration happens to be had relative to the regards to the contract, supplying the applicant for the stay isn't in default in continuing with such arbitration." 9 U.S.C. В§ 3. A mandatory stay "comports with all the FAA's statutory scheme and pro-arbitration policy[,] allows events to go to arbitration straight, unencumbered by the uncertainty and cost of extra litigation, and usually precludes judicial disturbance until there is certainly one last honor. as recently acknowledged by the 2nd Circuit" Katz v. Cellco P'ship, 794 F.3d 341, 346 (2d Cir. 2015).
Correctly, the court discovers that the claims established into the amended issue in this step are at the mercy of the arbitration clause within the Cardholder that is applicable Agreement in addition to procedures in this step must consequently be remained pending the results of arbitration.